Ovarian cancer is the sixth most common cancer in women in the UK. The ovaries are a pair of small organs located in the lower abdomen and are part of the female reproductive system. Usually women who have been through menopause and aged 65 years and over are more likely to be affected by ovarian cancer. The exact cause is not known but most cases are caused by gene changes that develop during a woman’s life and are not inherited. The main treatment options for ovarian cancer are surgery and chemotherapy. Most patients with ovarian cancer are diagnosed at an advanced stage and have a combination of both surgery and chemotherapy. Chemotherapy may be prescribed before and/or after surgery. Chemotherapy before surgery is called ‘neoadjuvant chemotherapy’.
AT406 is a medicine under development to be added to standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy for newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer. AT406 is a small molecule that induces cancer cell death through a dual mode of action. If licensed, AT406 may offer an additional neoadjuvant treatment option for patients with epithelial ovarian cancer especially those who develop drug resistance and relapse to other standard chemotherapy.
Brigatinib is a new treatment option being developed specifically for ALK-positive NSCLC. It acts by blocking the activity of some specific proteins encoded by the ALK gene, thereby reducing the growth of cancer cells. Brigatinib is taken orally once daily as a tablet and potentially has a broader range of resistance when compared other treatment options in its class. Brigatinib would be offered to patients with locally advanced or metastatic ALK-positive NSCLC, who have not received prior treatment. If licensed, brigatinib will offer an additional treatment option for this patient group.