Ovarian cancer is the sixth most common cancer in women in the UK. The ovaries are a pair of small organs located in the lower abdomen and are part of the female reproductive system. Usually women who have been through menopause and aged 65 years and over are more likely to be affected by ovarian cancer. The exact cause is not known but most cases are caused by gene changes that develop during a woman’s life and are not inherited. The main treatment options for ovarian cancer are surgery and chemotherapy. Most patients with ovarian cancer are diagnosed at an advanced stage and have a combination of both surgery and chemotherapy. Chemotherapy may be prescribed before and/or after surgery. Chemotherapy before surgery is called ‘neoadjuvant chemotherapy’.
AT406 is a medicine under development to be added to standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy for newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer. AT406 is a small molecule that induces cancer cell death through a dual mode of action. If licensed, AT406 may offer an additional neoadjuvant treatment option for patients with epithelial ovarian cancer especially those who develop drug resistance and relapse to other standard chemotherapy.
Ixazomib citrate is a novel oral medicinal product that is already licensed in the UK for the treatment of MM in patients who have received at least one prior therapy (in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone). Ixazomib citrate offers the potential advantage over similar medicines in its class of being more effective in its anticancer activity, less toxic (reduced side effects) and more convenient to administer (through its weekly oral dosing). If approved as maintenance therapy following stem cell transplant in newly diagnosed MM patients, ixazomib citrate has the potential to improve the success rates of treatment by improving progression free survival and overall survival as well as presenting a more convenient way of administration that allows long term administration and improvement of patients’ quality of life.