Cefiderocol is a new drug to treat severe infections, which are caused by a particular group of bacteria called gram-negative bacteria, which are increasingly resistant to many antibiotics. Infections such as pneumonia, complicated urinary tract infections and bloodstream infections, are serious infections and a huge problem for the NHS. They prolong patient stay in hospital and increase health costs. Cefiderocol is injected directly into the bloodstream and kills the bacteria in the body that are causing infection.
Cabotegravir and rilpivirine tablets are in development as an oral lead-in therapy for a period of approximately one month as a short-term oral bridging treatment for Human Immunodeficiency Virus 1 (HIV-1) patients that are considered eligible for the long-acting injectable cabotegravir and rilpivirine therapy. HIV is a type of viral infection caused by a type of virus referred to as a retrovirus. HIV-1 is the most common and highly communicable type of HIV. HIV is a lifelong, chronic disease that nowadays can be managed with antiretroviral therapies (ARTs). Since HIV virus can quickly adapt and become resistant, a combination of ART drugs is normally used. Usually patients take between one and 4 or 6 tablets a day. Failing to do so will result in a weakened immune system and increased vulnerability to infections.