ERC1671 is in development for the treatment of high grade, recurrent gliomas. Gliomas are the most common type of primary brain tumour. They develop from the glial cells that support the nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord. Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and most malignant of all high grade gliomas. Gliosarcoma is a rare, malignant and fast-growing type of glioma, all classified as high grade tumours. High grade gliomas are very difficult tumours to treat due to the problems in completely removing the tumour and their resistance to radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
ERC1671 is composed of whole tumour cells and cell fragments taken from the patient and three other donors with the same type of cancer. By receiving tumour cells from different people, the patient’s immune system is exposed to several different tumour-associated antigens (TAA), or proteins, minimizing the chance that tumour cells might escape from the body’s defences. It also is believed this approach will trigger a stronger immune response against the TAA on the patient’s tumour. This strategy in combination with the immune response inherent in the patient’s own cells may lead to the elimination of glioblastoma cells and offer an additional treatment option for high grade glioma patients who currently have few effective therapies available.
Pembrolizumab in addition to platinum therapy and radiation is in clinical development for the treatment of unresectable locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Cancers that are collectively known as head and neck cancers usually begin in the squamous cells that line the moist, mucosal surfaces inside the head and neck (for example, inside the mouth, the nose, and the throat). The main risk factors for squamous cell carcinomas are smoking tobacco and drinking alcohol. Symptoms may include sore throat, difficulty swallowing and pain in the ears and others. Treatment options for cancer that has spread usually involve chemotherapy such as (platinum-based therapy) and/or radiotherapy and focus on relieving symptoms and prolonging life rather than curing the cancer.