High definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS) is a device to treat the muscle pain people get with fibromyalgia, where the usual pain killing treatment has not worked. Fibromyalgia is a relatively common muscle condition, the specific cause for which is currently not known. The technology consists of electrical conductors on a cap through which small electrical currents are applied to specific areas of the scalp. Patients receive treatment once a day, five days a week over a three to four week period. The company that make the device says that it is an alternate, non-drug treatment option for patients.
Bupivacaine and meloxicam (HTX-011) in a fixed-dose combination is in development for the management of post-operative pain. Post-operative pain is a typical example of acute pain. Acute pain typically lasts for less than 3-6 months (unlike chronic pain which carries on for longer than 12 weeks), and is provoked by identifiable stimuli and disappears as soon as the tissue injury or damage that had caused it is healed. All surgical procedures are associated with a certain level of post-operative pain. Opioids are often used to manage post-operative pain but carry the risk of harmful side effects, abuse and addiction.