Veliparib is a new oral drug that is being developed for patients with HER2- breast cancer that is advanced and cannot be removed completely through surgery. The drug acts by targeting specific enzymes involved in the repair of damaged DNA that helps the body to kill cancer cells while allowing ordinary cells to survive. Veliparib is being developed to be used in combination with the chemotherapy drugs paclitaxel and carboplatin. If licenced, this combination will offer an additional treatment option for patients with HER2- metastatic or locally advanced unresectable BRCA-associated breast cancer.
Axitinib is a tablet taken twice per day which works by interfering with the growth of the blood vessels which supply blood to the cancer cells. In other types of cancer, Axitinib has been seen to slow down the growth and stop cancers from spreading to other parts of the body. Axitinib is already available to treat RCC which has already advanced or spread, however if axitinib is licenced for use after surgery to prevent the growth and spread of further tumours (as an adjuvant therapy), this may prevent the progression and spread of RCC to other sites of the body.