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This search function provides links to outputs produced by NIHR Innovation Observatory. These are briefing notes or reports on new or repurposed technologies. This search will not return all technologies currently in development as these outputs are produced as required for our stakeholders.

Innovation Observatory > Reports > Rheumatology and Podiatry

Results

Drugs

May 2019

Guselkumab for active psoriatic arthritis

Guselkumab is a type of biologic medicine that has been designed to suppress immune response associated with psoriasis. It works by specifically targeting a chemical messenger (known as a cytokine) in the body called interleukin-23 (IL-23). The IL-23 are produced by leucocytes (mainly by lymphocytes T, macrophages and eosinophils) in response to mechanical stress, and has an important role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. Guselkumab is already licensed in the EU/UK for the treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis and may offer an additional treatment option for patients with active psoriatic arthritis.

Drugs

May 2019

Filgotinib for moderate to severe active rheumatoid arthritis

Filgotinib is a new Janus Kinase (JAK) inhibitor. JAK pathways are involved in the inflammatory process in RA. Filgotinib is highly selective for JAK1. By blocking the JAK1 pathway, filgotinib may help ease the RA symptoms. Filgotinib can be taken orally as a tablet once a day and it has shown to be safe. Filgotinib may be taken as monotherapy or in combination with methotrexate or other non-biologic DMARDs. If approved for the treatment of moderate to severe RA, filgotinib will offer an additional front line or a later line treatment option for this population group.

Drugs

August 2018

Ixekizumab for axial spondyloarthritis

Ixekizumab is an engineered antibody designed to bind and obstruct the pro-inflammatory interleukin-17A (IL-17A) signalling molecule. It has been suggested that IL-17 may be a crucial mediator of inflammation in the pathway that leads to the development and progression of axial spondyloarthritis. By blocking this pathway, ixekizumab may help prevent joint inflammation, bone erosion, and bone fusion in a patient population where few alternative therapies exist in instances of previous treatment failure.

Drugs

June 2018

Tizanidine (Intranasal spray) for Acute Low Back Pain

Tizanidine as an intranasal spray is being developed as a new treatment option for patients with acute low back pain. It works by blocking pain sensations that are sent to the brain, temporarily relaxing muscle tone. Tizanidine is already available in the tablet form as a short-acting muscle relaxer used to relieve the stiffness and restriction of muscles due to injuries or diseases of the spinal cord. If licensed, tizanidine prepared for intranasal administration will offer an alternative to the oral administration for patients with acute low back pain when short term dosing and a fast effect is desired.

Drugs

March 2018

Forigerimod plus Standard of Care for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a long-term condition causing inflammation to the joints, skin and other organs. Symptoms presented are usually very general, including fever, joint pain and skin rash but can progress to the most severe, e.g. kidney failure. SLE typically has patterns of flare-ups where the condition gets worse for a period of time. The disease is likely to be caused by a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors and most commonly affects middle-aged women and those of African-Caribbean ethnicity.

Drugs

January 2018

Secukinumab for Non-Radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis – second or subsequent line

First line treatment options for SpA normally include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen, however, these are only effective in approximately half of patients. Secukinumab (Cosentyx) is a new treatment option that acts by inhibiting the processes that leads to bone loss and inflammation, thereby reducing the symptoms of the disease. It is administered by injection under the skin (subcutaneous). If licenced, secukinumab could provide an additional treatment option for patients who are intolerant or do not respond adequately to NSAIDs.

Drugs

November 2017

Upadacitinib for Adults with Moderate to Severe Active Rheumatoid Arthritis After Conventional Synthetic Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (DMARDs) or Biologic DMARDs Failure

There is currently no cure for rheumatoid arthritis and treatment aims to improve quality of life and to prevent or reduce joint damage. The most common treatment options are steroids to reduce inflammation, medications to reduce pain and swelling, and medications that slow the progression of joint damage from RA. Upadacitinib is currently being developed …

Drugs

November 2017

Tonogenchoncel-L (Invossa) Gene Therapy for Regeneration of Cartilage in Patients with Degenerative Arthritis or Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Tonogenchoncel-L is a type of treatment which involves taking cells which make up the cartilage and altering them genetically to help stimulate the growth of the cartilage.

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