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This search function provides links to outputs produced by NIHR Innovation Observatory. These are briefing notes or reports on new or repurposed technologies. This search will not return all technologies currently in development as these outputs are produced as required for our stakeholders.

Innovation Observatory > Reports > Drugs > Tislelizumab for oesophageal cancer – second line

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Tislelizumab for oesophageal cancer – second line

Drugs

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

October 2021


Tislelizumab is being developed for patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) after prior systemic therapy. Advanced or metastatic ESCC begins in the food pipe and spreads to other parts of the body. Symptoms include difficulty swallowing, persistent indigestion or heartburn, weight loss, pain in the throat, and chronic cough. Advanced or metastatic cancer cannot usually be cured and current treatment with chemotherapy aims to control the disease, relieve symptoms, and give patients a better quality of life. There is a need for new treatment options, including immunotherapies, as ESCC progresses rapidly and has high mortality.
Tislelizumab is a protein that has been designed to recognise and block a target called PD-1 found on certain cells of the immune system. It is administered intravenously. Some cancers make a protein that attaches to PD-1 and switches off the immune cells’ ability to attack the cancer. By blocking PD-1, tislelizumab stops the cancer switching off these immune cells, thereby increasing the immune system’s ability to kill the cancer cells. If licenced, tislelizumab will provide a second-line treatment for patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic ESCC.

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