Osteosarcoma is a rare cancer affecting the bones. It is also the most common bone cancer in children and young adults but can also occur in older adults. It mostly affects the knee, thigh bone, shin bone or upper arm. Symptoms include pain and swelling around the affected bone. Current treatment options have improved the prognosis of this disease, however, a recurrence of osteosarcoma may appear in other parts of the body after the primary cancer has been treated. The majority of the recurrences occur in the lungs. Symptoms of lung involvement may include cough, breathlessness, pain or discomfort in the chest.
Inhaled Lipid‐complexed Cisplatin or inhaled liposomal cisplatin (ILC) is an anticancer drug being developed for the treatment of osteosarcoma that has reoccurred and spread to the lungs. Cisplatin is already available in the UK as an intravenous injection for treating multiple types of malignant conditions. ILC is administered via inhalation has the potential advantage to deliver the drug directly to the site of action (the lungs) with significantly reduced systemic side effects and toxicities. If licensed, ILC will offer an additional treatment option with the potential to improve effectiveness and safety for patients with pulmonary relapse of osteosarcoma.
Daratumumab injected under the skin (subcutaneous formulation) is in development for the treatment multiple myeloma (MM) as an alternative to currently approved daratumumab intravenous formulation. MM is a rare, incurable cancer of the plasma cells in the bone marrow where large amounts of abnormal plasma cells are produced and interfere with the production of platelets, red and white blood cells. People with MM will experience periods of time without symptoms followed by periods when the illness comes back (‘relapsed’ MM). Eventually the periods without symptoms will shorten and the illness will become immune to the drugs given to treat it (‘refractory’ MM).