featured image

Outputs & Publications

Latest Outputs

Output

Automated data analysis of unstructured grey literature in health research: A mapping review

Automated data analysis of unstructured grey literature in health research: A mapping review

The amount of grey literature and ‘softer’ intelligence from social media or websites is vast. Given the long lead-times of producing high-quality peer-reviewed health information, this is causing a demand for new ways to provide prompt input for secondary research. To our knowledge, this is the first review of automated data extraction methods or tools […]

Visit Website
Output

Data extraction methods for systematic review (semi)automation: Update of a living systematic review

Data extraction methods for systematic review (semi)automation: Update of a living systematic review

Background: The reliable and usable (semi)automation of data extraction can support the field of systematic review by reducing the workload required to gather information about the conduct and results of the included studies. This living systematic review examines published approaches for data extraction from reports of clinical studies.Methods: We systematically and continually search PubMed, ACL Anthology, arXiv, […]

Visit Website
Output

A narrative review of recent tools and innovations toward automating living systematic reviews and evidence syntheses

A narrative review of recent tools and innovations toward automating living systematic reviews and evidence syntheses

Living reviews are an increasingly popular research paradigm. The purpose of a ‘living’ approach is to allow rapid collation, appraisal and synthesis of evolving evidence on an important research topic, enabling timely influence on patient care and public health policy. However, living reviews are time- and resource-intensive. The accumulation of new evidence and the possibility […]

Visit Website
Output

Horizon Scanning Report: An Investigation into the Development of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL) - Enabled Healthcare Technologies

Horizon Scanning Report: An Investigation into the Development of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL) - Enabled Healthcare Technologies

The use of Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly expanding and evolving in the clinical practice and community care settings. AI-based healthcare technologies encompass a diverse range of technologies. In general, these technologies are designed to learn from their experiences, adapt to new inputs, and perform a variety of tasks, such as making predictions, recommendations, and […]

Download
Output

Are non-invasive or minimally invasive autopsy techniques for detecting cause of death in prenates, neonates and infants accurate? A systematic review of diagnostic test accuracy

Are non-invasive or minimally invasive autopsy techniques for detecting cause of death in prenates, neonates and infants accurate? A systematic review of diagnostic test accuracy

We performed a systematic review of diagnostic test accuracy with the objective to assess the diagnostic accuracy of non-invasive or minimally invasive autopsy techniques in deaths under 1 year of age. MEDLINE (Ovid), EMBASE (Ovid), CINAHL (EBSCO), the Cochrane Library, Scopus and grey literature sources were searched from inception to November 2021. Studies were included if […]

Visit Website
Output

“Hacking Early Childhood” Interdisciplinary Report

“Hacking Early Childhood” Interdisciplinary Report

New technologies continue to revolutionise the world as we have known it. There is no reason to think that early childhood will be spared this revolution. All indications are that technology companies, families, carers, and the education sector will continue to incorporate innovation into the lives of babies and young children around the globe. And yet the topic and the […]

Download
Output

Horizon Scanning Report: Identification of innovations for PET radiopharmaceuticals in the context of the Welsh Health Service

Horizon Scanning Report: Identification of innovations for PET radiopharmaceuticals in the context of the Welsh Health Service

PET radiopharmaceuticals are used to diagnose and monitor a range of medical conditions. For example, they are used to diagnose cancer, assess the effectiveness of cancer treatments, and monitor the health of organs and tissues. PET radiopharmaceuticals can also be used to detect certain diseases before they become symptomatic. However, PET radiopharmaceuticals can cause radiation […]

Download
Output

Investigation of text-mining methodologies to aid the construction of search strategies in systematic reviews of diagnostic test accuracy—a case study

Investigation of text-mining methodologies to aid the construction of search strategies in systematic reviews of diagnostic test accuracy—a case study

Current methodologies for designing search strategies rely heavily on the knowledge and expertise of information specialists. Yet, the volume and complexity of scientific literature is overwhelming for even the most experienced information specialists, making it difficult to produce robust search strategies for complex systematic reviews. In this case study, we aimed to assess and describe […]

Visit Website
Output

Future Developments and New Technologies in the field of Faecal Incontinence: Scanning the Horizon Using Late-Stage Clinical Trial Registrations

Future Developments and New Technologies in the field of Faecal Incontinence: Scanning the Horizon Using Late-Stage Clinical Trial Registrations

In this paper, horizon scanning techniques were used to systematically identify health technologies related to faecal incontinence (FI) in active development using the NIHR Innovation Observatory’s ScanMedicine database. We found that most late-stage trials focused on bowel management strategies, followed by strategies related to bladder and bowel dysfunction. There was limited evidence found for new […]

Visit Website
Output

Landscape overview of UK healthcare decision-making structures

Landscape overview of UK healthcare decision-making structures

In the UK, there are many agencies, bodies and initiatives associated with making decisions around healthcare. Their role, capacity and place in the decision-making landscape is not always clear and while some have a statutory capacity, others act in a more advisory or facilitatory role. In this report, we identify all structures in the UK […]

Download
Output

Horizon Scanning Final Report: Identification of Respiratory Tract Infection Technologies 

Horizon Scanning Final Report: Identification of Respiratory Tract Infection Technologies 

Following a request from the AMR Programme Board and the AMR Diagnostic Programme Board, the Innovation Observatory sought to undertake horizon scanning activities for Respiratory Tract Infection (RTI) technologies and to identify the pipeline of development, key players, opportunities and challenges in the field. The findings of that horizon scan were summarised into the accompanying […]

Download
Output

The Systematic Review Toolbox: keeping up to date with tools to support evidence synthesis

The Systematic Review Toolbox: keeping up to date with tools to support evidence synthesis

The Systematic Review (SR) Toolbox was developed in 2014 to collate tools that can be used to support the systematic review process but the breadth of evidence synthesis methodologies has expanded greatly since its inception. We updated the SR Toolbox in 2022 to reflect these changes and also briefly analysed included tools and guidance to […]

Visit Website
Output

Looking at the fringes of MedTech innovation: a mapping review of horizon scanning and foresight methods

Looking at the fringes of MedTech innovation: a mapping review of horizon scanning and foresight methods

Horizon-scanning (HS) is a forecasting method used to examine signs of change. HS methods used for the identification of innovative medicinal products cannot be applied in MedTech due to their development and regulatory processes. HS is a complex and time-consuming process that requires a range of skills and a depth of knowledge for the identification, […]

Download
Output

A rapid priority setting exercise on faecal incontinence for Cochrane Incontinence

A rapid priority setting exercise on faecal incontinence for Cochrane Incontinence

Faecal incontinence (FI) has a high prevalence in both community and residential settings. Historically, there has been a lack of priority setting recommendations for FI. Our priority setting exercise for Cochrane Incontinence, used an evidence gap map to provide a visual overview of emerging trial evidence; existing systematic review-level evidence and FI stakeholder topic uncertainties […]

Visit Website
Output

Interim Horizon Scanning Report: Identification of Paediatric Neurological Trauma Technologies 

Interim Horizon Scanning Report: Identification of Paediatric Neurological Trauma Technologies 

The NIHR Innovation Observatory has undertaken a horizon scan to identify innovative devices, digital and diagnostic medical technologies developed for use for children or young people with actual or suspected paediatric neurological traumatic injury. Systematic searches were performed to identify registered clinical trials and funding awards published as well as news articles. Search results were […]

Download
Medicines
Medicine Industry's Gateway to NICE
Support for Industry
Outputs & Publications