Nivolumab is an intravenous drug under development for the management of advanced (Stage IV) NSCLC. The drug acts on specific proteins (receptors) on immune cells, allowing the defence system of the body to decrease the growth of cancer cells. If licensed, Nivolumab in combination with the current standard of care (platinum doublet chemotherapy) may offer an additional treatment option for patients with advanced NSCLC who currently have failed to respond to standard of care chemotherapy alone.
Atezolizumab is currently in clinical development for the treatment of patients muscle-invasive urothelial cancer (MIUC) including muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) and upper tract urothelial cancer (UTUC) patients who are at high risk following resection. MIBC is a cancer that spreads into the thick muscle deep in the bladder wall. MIBC starts in the inner bladder layer and then grows in the deep muscle. While UTUC can arise along any part of the urinary tract lined with urothelium with the majority of cases in the lower tract and rest in the upper tract. Over time the tumour may grow outside the bladder into tissues close by and then may spread to lymph nodes, the lungs, the liver and other parts of the body. The current standard care of treatment includes a surgery which might not be adequate and some patients might be at high risk for recurrence.